Although a lot of people think of a desert as a lot of sand, the Mongolian Gobi Desert has a lot of vegetation, along with vast steppes, and it’s home to a lot of camel herders. Because of its huge size and its sparse inhabitation, it offers a lot of tranquility and evokes mysteries to the people who visit it. During our trip, we will show you the best components of this immense legendary desert. We will go to places such as Vulture Gorge, also known as Eagle Valley, and the Khongor sand dunes. We also will show you Bayanzag, where dinosaurs once called home.
Activities: Camel riding, horse riding, hiking, swimming, historical sites, cultural experiences, geological and archeological sites
Location: Gobi Desert and Central Mongolia.
|DEPARTURE/RETURN LOCATION||Chinggis Khaan International Airport|
Day 1: Departure
- pick-up Chinggis khaan airport
- Place in the Hotel
- Traveled in the Ulaanbaatar city.
- As a socio-economic, political and cultural center of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar welcomes you with various destinations and attractions.
- Either you are visiting Ulaanbaatar (its different spelling), for business or pleasure, you should definitely have sometime out exploring its history, arts, and natural museums that can give you ample understanding about not only the country itself, but its connections, roles and influences in the region and the whole world, in a broader sense.
- We make sure to take you to the most popular museums and other highlighting spots in UB during this tour.
Baga gazriin chuluu
These mountains with granite stone massifs are located in Dund Gobi Province.
Baga Gazriin Chuluu, is a 15km long and 10 km wide stone massif, is located 30 km to the south east of Adaatsag sum. The highest point is Tahilgat Mountain /1768 m/ in the Northwest part of the stone massif. Over 20 kinds of medical herbs and many species of animals such as wild sheep, ibex and marmot exist here, Surtiin am is one of many beautiful places in Baga gazriin stone massif. This is a narrow canyon with asp, birch, white whicker and elm tree, as well the ruin of a stone temple and the site of 2 yurts where monks lived and meditated since the seventieth century.
There is a 20 m long cave near to the Surtiin Am. Crystals can be found around the cave. Life size paintings of deer are painted on a granite stone and another yurt shaped stone called Ger chuluu. According to scientists, 64 tombs and tumuli dated back to Xiongnu tribe have been found around Baga zagriin Chuluu. Also, there is a spring water which comes from under source is good for eye illness.
Tsagaan Suvraga ( White Stupa )
The scarp of Tsagaan Suvarga is located in Ulziit soum of Dundgovi province. It is interesting to see the sheer slope, facing east, which from a distance seems to be the ruins of the ancient city. The cliff is 30 meters high and 100 meters wide. Over thousands of years the wind has created this amazing structure.
It is sheer slope and was an old seabed with sedimentary structure created by millions years and the different colors of the ground represent different times.
The formation is over 50m in its highest point and continues 400m.
There is 2 famous sites for explore. First one is a interesting cave which is 70 m long Khevtee Bosoo agui (Lie and Stand Cave) and not so far from the site. Second option is exploring Del uul (Back Mountain) for seeing rock drawings of Bronze Age. This is considered to be largest site of Rock drawings in Central Asia.
Yolyn am/ Yol Valley – Gobi Gurvan Saikhan national park/
Gobi Gurvan Saikhan (Three Beauties of Gobi) national park is situated in the west of the city of Dalanzadgad in Umnugobi province.
The park was protected in 1965 for reserving the beautiful nature of Yol valley of the East Saikhan Mountain. In 1993, by Parliament resolution No.83, its territory was extended by further including territories of Khongor Sand Dunes, as well as precious paleontological sites of Nemegt, Khermen Tsav, and Zulganai river.
It is comprised of 27 million hectares in area. The land of caves and mountains is 2,400-2,600 meters above sea level.
The Khongor Sand Dune is one of the Mongolian longest sand dunes and continues 180 kilometers from northwest into southeastern in Sevrei and Bayandalai sums of Umnugobiprovince. Zuunsaikhan, Dundsaikhan, Baruunsaikhan, Bayandalai, Zuulun, Sevrei and Nemegt of the Gobi-Altai mountain grows the special flower and plants. Southern cool plants and Central Asian dry plants are found in this mountains range.
The area is rich in Fauna. There are mountain sheep, goats, leopards, black-tailed marten of cliffs, lynx, wildcats, squirrels, white gazelles and other mammal animals.
Yol Valley (Vulture Valley): is situated in east north part of Zuun Saikhan mountain. This area has been main attraction of tourists for many decades. Very wide at the entrance, it narrows gradually into a remarkable gorge. A spring two or three kilometers long winds its way through the defile and in July, freezing into a thick corridor of ice that stretches along a considerable distance.
Dungeneegyn Am: is located in southwestern part of Zuunsaikhan and Bayandalai soum. The area’s length is 12 kilometers. There are cliff, canyon, caves and rivers. It is one of the tourist attractions. Tourists can see mountain sheep and mountain goat in here.
Khongor Sand Dunes: are the largest and most spectacular sand dunes situated in Sevrei soum. Also known as the “singing dunes”, they are up to 800 m high, 20 km wide and about 100 km long. The spectacular dunes are bordered by lush green vegetation supported by a small river Khongor, which is fed by underground sources from surrounding mountains.
Bayanzag There are many findings of archeology, remains of ancient city, monasteries, wreck, graves, burial-mound, cave paintings, petroglyphs, and stone figures. Khermen Tsav and Nemegt Mountain are home to world reknown discoveries of lizard of Cretaceous-era dinosaurs.
Moreover, 30 new findings such as ancient mammals, dinosaurs, tortoise and crocodile were found from 20 different areas such as Nemegt, Altan uul, Bugyn tsav, Khermen Tsav, Naranbulag, Ulaan Khongil, Tsagaan Khoshuu, Togrogyn Shiree, Unegen Khongil, Tsonj Shurguul, Ukhaa Tolgoi, Udan Sair and Gilbent.
Bayanzag, which means ‘rich in saxaul shrubs’, is more commonly known as the ‘Flaming Cliffs’, a name penned by the palaeontologist Roy Chapman Andrews. First excavated in 1922, it is renowned worldwide for the number of dinosaur bones and eggs found in the area, which you can see in museums around the world.
Even if you are not a ‘dinophile’, the eerie beauty of the surrounding landscape is a good reason to visit. It’s a classic desert of rock, red sands, scrub, sun and awesome emptiness. There’s not much to do once you’re here except explore the area, hire a camel or grab a cold drink from the souvenir sellers who hang out on the edge of the cliff.
A further 22km northeast of Bayanzag is an area of sand dunes called Moltzog Els, which might be worth a visit if you’re not planning to visit Khongoryn Els. Bayanzag is around 90km from
The Orkhon Waterfall
The Orkhon Waterfall water flows for remarkable 1120 km to the North and lies in the historically significant Orkhon Valley, UNESCO World Heritage site. The waterfall formed by combination volcanic eruption and earthquakes some 20000 years ago cascades down from a height 27 meters. The Orkhon, longest river in Mongolia, begins at the state worshipped mountain Suvraga Khairkhan in the Khangai mountain range. The drainage basin of the river is 132835 sq.km. The river is 10-60 m wide to begin with but it becomes 120-150 m around the end and the speed of the river flow decreases. The Orkhon has many species of fish like the pike, Siberian sturgeon, taimen, asian common asp, Siberian grayling, roach etc.
There are many rocks and boulders around the river as well as some waterfalls like a small waterfall with 4-5 m height and the Ulaan tsutgalan waterfall biggest in Mongolia at a height of 26 m. The Orkhon river Valley has been protected since 2006 as a National Park.
Kharkhorin (Mongolian: Хархорин) is a town and sum (district) center in Övörkhangai Province in Mongolia. The sum population was 13,828 (1994), 13,964 (2000), and 13,496 (2003). The population of Kharkhorin town itself was 8,977 in 2003 and covered an area of 20.5 km2.
Kharkhorin is located at the lower end of the upper valley of the Orkhon River which is included within UNESCO’s World Heritage Site Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape. The location marks the easternmost foothills of the Khangai Mountains, where they meet the rolling steppe of central Mongolia.
Nearby are the ruins of the ancient town of Karakorum (also known as Kharkhorum or Qara Qorum) which, for a short time, served as the capital of the Mongol Empire under Ogedei Khan. Another Kharkhorin landmark is Erdene Zuu monastery and its famous phallic rock. The important Paleolithic archaeological site of Moiltyn-am is located near the bridge over the Orkhon River, just west of the settlement. A modern resort is south of Kharkhorin at Khujirt on the Orkhon River.
Kharkhorin’s principal sources of income are tourism and agriculture. Water from the Orkhon River serves to irrigate crops on the large plain east of the town. The Kharkhorin Airport (KHR/ZMHH) has one unpaved runway and is served by regular flights from and to Mongolia’s capital, Ulan Bator.